3 Where guards are required handrail s required on landings shall be not more than 1 070 mm in height. Stair rails installed after March 151991 must be.
Guidelines for building guardrails on balconies decks landings stair landings.
Building code railing height. There cannot be any space of more than 4 inches. The height must not be less than 865 mm above the nosings of the stair treads or the floor of a ramp. Building Code Trainer 2020 So whether there is a slope or a sudden drop a guardrail shall be provided when the drop is more than 30 inches within 36 inches from the edge.
Your rail height must be 36 inches or more. As we relaxed on the new deck with a couple of beers my friends Shih Tzu dog came racing out of the house barking at a squirrel and skidded off the deck into the flower bed below. The top of the handrail should be at least 34 inches.
Systems built for individual residential single family dwellings are built to an installed height of at least 36 3. The height must not be less o 1 m above the floor of any access path balcony landing or the like see NCC Figure 3922 and figure 3923 or. Respect Minimum Height Requirements Safety is important and something that should always supersede style.
Building code for deck railing indicates that you need a deck railing for any deck that is 30 or more above grade. Hed made a point of building his deck so as to stay under the 30-inch requirement–which is the maximum deck height you can have without a railing. This document provides building code specifications sketches photographs and examples of defects used in inspecting indoor or outdoor guards or guard railings required at stairway landings porches decks walkways balconies.
Required guards shall not have openings that allow passage of a. The minimum height of the railing varies based on the height of the deck. All railings built for non-individual residential dwellings are built to an installed height of at least 42.
Stair rails on decks should be between 34 inches and 38 inches high measured vertically from the nose of the tread to the top of the rail. The IRC requires guardrails to be at least 36 in height measured from the deck surface to the top of the rail. Install railings on any deck that is 30 inches or more from the surrounding surface and on at least one side of a stairway leading to the deck.
A handful of states and some provinces mandate railings begin at 24 above grade. When the top edge of a stair rail system also serves as a handrail the height of the top edge must be no more than 37 inches 94 cm nor less than 36 inches 915 cm from the upper surface of the stair rail to the surface of the tread. Minimum Required Guardrail Height R31212.
First determine whether you are dealing with a handrail or a guard. If your deck is below 30 then you do not need a railing for most North American jurisdictions. The railing height for common single-family detached homes is controlled by the International Residential Code IRC.
Guard railing height other specifications and building codes. Note that some local jurisdiction or state require higher such as 42 in California. Decks 24 to 5-10 180 cm need 36 guards and anything above 5-10 requires a 42 high railing.
Treads must be at least 10 inches deep measuring from front to back. Decks attached to single family detached homes are generally regulated under the rules of the International Residential Code IRC. Commercial decks that work for multi-family houses are controlled by International Building Code IBC.
A handrail is in place to provide guidance on a stair. Guard and Stair Railing Height are dictated by the building codes. It is required when you have two or mores risers on ramps with a rise greater than 6 inches.
Remember to first check with your local building code department for the specific requirements in your municipality. The code has some very specific requirements for deck stairs. It requires at least a 36 height guardrail counting the space between the top rail and the platform itself.
2 Except as provided in Sentences 3 and 4 the height of handrail s on stairs and ramps shall be a not less than 865 mm and b not more than 965 mm.