1Except as provided in Sentence 2 required exit stairs and public stairs serving buildings of residential occupancy shall have a width of not less than 900 mm. Building code requires all railing to be 42in height for the exterior if the height above the ground is greater than 60cm 600mm.
One specific requirement is that the space between the surface and the bottom rail should not be more than 4.
Canada code deck stairway railing. Treads must be at least 10 inches deep measuring from front to back. Decks shall not be constructed on septic systems and ensure. 1 – Regulations for guardrails In Quebec guardrails are mandatory when the surface of a deck is over 60 cm 2 ft above the finished floor.
Stairs Stairs 1100mm 43 Wide. Within a dwelling unit or a house with a secondary suite. Decks 24 to 5-10 180 cm need 36 guards and anything above 5-10 requires a 42 high railing.
Additionally the stair railing height should measure at least 34 from the nosing to the top rail. Stair rails on decks should be between 34 inches and 38 inches high measured vertically from the nose of the tread to the top of the rail. The baluster load should not be more than 50lbs.
A load of 50lb per square feet is allowed for every baluster. Most building codes require railings for decks over 24-inches in height and most codes require these railings to be at least 42-inches high. Canada Residential Rail Height and Dimensions.
If the deck surface is over 180 cm 6 ft from the finished floor the guardrail must be at least 107 cm 42 in high. 2010 National Model Construction Codes Stairs Ramps Handrails and Guards. A deck guard rail is required for any platform elevated to the height of thirty inches and more.
Ramps 1100 mm 43 Wide. Start by dividing the spacing of the posts to create equal distances for each rail section. 2 Exit stairs serving a single dwelling unit shall have a width of not less than 860 mm.
For deck heights up to 5 feet on minimum 8 inch sono tubes. There is a larger live load-weight requirement with commercial decks 100 pounds per square foot. Handrail s 1 A stairway shall have a handrail on at least one side and if 1 100 mm or more in width shall have handrail s on both sides.
Building code for deck railing indicates that you need a deck railing for any deck that is 30 or more above grade. At no point should a 4 ball be able to squeeze through or under the railing. Before you get ready for revamping there are other Ontario Building Codes for decks that you should know about.
Some areas require taller guardrail. The height code and other requirements for deck railing in Ontario are based on building experience and the areas climate. The Building Code states that if any outside stair has more than three 3 risers a handrail is required on one side of the stairs.
Stair rails on decks should be between 34 inches and 38 inches high measured vertically from the nose of the tread to the top of the rail. The minimum stair handrail height for Ontario homes is 34 inches. Number of Sides Required to Have a Handrail.
Guardrail refers to the structural railing element that sits atop a railing system. Deck Stair Railing Height Deck stair handrails height should be at least 34 vertical inches from stair tread nosing to the top of the stair handrail. A guardrail is typically required for stairs with 4-or-more risers or for a deck or balcony with 30 inches above grade.
Code requires guardrail in residential structures be a minimum of 36 inches. The guardrail must be at least 90 cm 36 in high. Stairs with 3 risers or less do not require handrails.
The 42-inch deck railing height is higher than with residential properties. The gap between the floor of the deck and the bottom rail should not be more than 4 inches. The Ontario Building Code Handrails 3465.
Requirements for Deck Stairs The code has some very specific requirements for deck stairs. Use Codes to Assess Deck Viability. It should be no more than 38 vertical inches from the stair tread nosing if the guardrail also acts as a handrail which it does for most decks.
The handrail is to be located between 865 millimetres 34 inches and 965 millimetres 38 inches in height measured vertically above a line drawn through the outside edges of the stair nosing. Location of Stair or Ramp. Ramps 1100 mm 43 Wide.
The posts may be positioned anywhere between the joists. Commercial deck stairs are of a standard size while residential deck stairs can be steeper. The code has some very specific requirements for deck stairs.