Deck Railing Height Requirements All decks greater than 30 above grade must have a guardrail. When you take your kids and pets into account the risk is even higher.
Many states and provinces mandate deck railings to be at.
Height deck before railing needed. Deck railing height should be a minimum of 36 inches. There are specific regulations on everything from the distance between your balustrades to the screws used to anchor the railing. When purchasing railing for a deck homeowners will need to consider both guardrails around the perimeter of the deck and railing for the.
For these decks the handrails must not have any climbable elements located between 150mm and 760mm of the floor. With that said if you choose to build a deck even if it is only 24 inches off the ground that is still high enough that even an adult could injure themselves. For low level residential decks the balustrade should be set at a minimum height of 900mm on both stairs and landings and resist a minimum.
Most of them purport to be reporting OSHA regulations. Railings for residential decks require a height of 3 feet from the floor of the deck to the rail top surface as mandated by the IRC. Guardrails are required once the deck is 30 or more above the grade.
Decks four metres 4m from the ground or higher need to meet additional design requirements. This is a minimum required height for residential structurehigher guards are acceptable. A low level deck is any deck up to 600mm above ground level with high level referring to all other decks higher than 600mm.
Commercial deck guardrails such as those found at restaurants bars and at multifamily homes such as apartments or condos are required to be 42 inches high minimum. There is no maximum height. A standard stair railing is between 30 to 34 inches above the edge of each riser.
The main query we receive is whether existing railing needs to be modified to meet the current building code if it was built prior to the current code and met relevant requirements in place at the time of construction. According to OSHAOccupational Safety and Home Administration if the width of your stairway is less than 44 inches and enclosed on both sides you need just a railing on the open side. The same gap is allowed between the decorative elements of the deck railing.
USA Rail Height For REsidences. Lower level decks are those which are raised no more than 300mm off the ground. The maximum space between the bottom rail and the surface is 4.
If you choose to install a guardrail on a deck lower than 30 you must still meet code requirements. Commercial decks attached to multi-family buildings such as apartment buildings or businesses are regulated under the International Building Code IBC. A 36 rail measured from the top of rail to the deck surface is required.
Decks attached to single-family detached homes are regulated under the. What to Do When You Need to Install a Railing on Your Deck The International Building Code says that your railings must be 36 inches or higher but that isnt the only consideration. But if both sides are open youll need a standard railing on both sides.
I have been searching for the maximum clearance above the finished floor which a platform may be before it requires handrails. Deck stair railing should measure at least 34 inches high. This means that the handrail must be situated directly on top of the balustrade itself if you want to create the lowest profile possible.
The parts of your deck that are 26 inches off the ground do need a railing. Any area of your deck that is more the 24 inches off the ground requires a railing. For this platform height in a domestic property any railings or balustrades should be at least 900mm higher than the deck itself.
I have found several references to a 30 maximum height on various websites. Balustrade and Railing Height Regulations One of the most common searches on this site is in regards to the legal heights of balcony railings and balustrades. This applies to the broad majority of the United States for all residential decks.
California is the one exception where they require 42 guards. Commercial railings necessitate a higher railing at. Deck guardrails guards should rise to at least 36 inches above the residential deck level.
If your deck is below 30 inches a railing is not required. This should measure from the top edge of the top rail down to the the deck surface. In some states such as California the minimum height is 42.
Note that some local jurisdiction or state require higher such as 42 in California. Deck railing height should be a minimum of 36 for any platform elevated to 30 and more from the surface. This means horizontal balustrades are not allowed to be used at this height.
In other words a deck less than one metre 1m above ground is not required to have a handrail though depending on the height it may still be recommended. The IRC requires guardrails to be at least 36 in height measured from the deck surface to the top of the rail. A railing is only necessary if the deck is 30 or more off the ground and 24 in certain jurisdictions.
When you get into building a railing you cant just get away with installing a railing at the proper height.